A qualitative study is one of the research methods which aims to examine an issue by collecting authentic subjective data. In qualitative research, the potential audience plays a vital role. It is the potential audience who is supposed to give a response to the designed questions of the research. The collected responses are analyzed, and results are obtained. The results help you meet the objectives of research when the collected data is good enough to trust. A qualitative study is only reliable if you have accurate and valuable subjective data. You can also say that this kind of data builds confidence in evaluated results. So, you have to establish trustworthiness in research work. Otherwise, you will have to deal with unpleasant situations at the end of work. Therefore, this article aims to discuss 4 criteria for measuring trustworthiness in qualitative research.
How Can You Define Trustworthiness in Qualitative Research?
Trustworthiness is an approach that aims to convince the researcher and readers of the obtained results. As a writer, you have to use this approach and grasp the attention of a reader, which can help you let them believe in your research work. Without trustworthiness in qualitative research, it is challenging to prove if the work is reliable.
What are the 4 Criteria to Measure Trustworthiness in Qualitative Research?
There are four components of the framework associated with trustworthiness in qualitative research, including credibility, transferability, confirmability and dependability. You can work for trustworthiness, and the four components of its framework can help you come up with a reliable study of qualitative research. In qualitative research, the approach of trustworthiness is used very frequently. The detail of each component is mentioned below:
Credibility of Study
Credibility is the first component of checking trustworthiness in qualitative research. In this component, the confidence of the researcher is evaluated in regard to research findings. One of the best ways to find out if the research is reliable, you can use the node of triangulation. The triangulation can be for a researcher as well as for data collection. You can go one way, or you can check credibility from both triangulation methods. Other than triangulation, you can find prolonged engagement the best fit for evaluation.
One thing must be clear to you credibility is something that shows the use of responses obtained from several resources. For example, you have collected data from a targeted audience. In this case, the collection of accurate data is not everything, but its presentation also matters a lot. The collected data is only beneficial when you are good at finding its best use. In qualitative research, subjective data is a bit tricky to handle, and its presentation becomes challenging. So, you have to check repeatedly if the message of the respondent is delivered in the right way.
Transferability of Study
In the work of qualitative research, you need to focus on its current and future use. The use of research is only possible when there is some similar problem to discuss. Furthermore, when another researcher has to work with a similar audience, he can find your work transferable. In simple words, the application of work makes it transferable. This component is added to the framework of trustworthiness in qualitative research for a case-to-case transfer. To make your research trustworthy, you are supposed to cite every content taken from internal or external sources. The proper citation helps the reader to track and assess the original content.
Dependability of Study
For establishing trustworthiness in qualitative research, another way is in the form of dependability. The novel researcher may not be able to examine the dependability of your research, but a senior and experienced researcher can do this very well. So, it is important to achieve dependability in your work. The approach to ensure this component is that you have to develop clear, logical and easy-to-understand research. When you successfully develop these elements, it becomes easy to accomplish the second component of the framework. The purpose of having dependability is to make your research repeatable.
It is very common to observe that many writers work on a research gap that is the limitation of the last research on the same problem. The use of the last research is only possible when it has dependability. So, as a responsible writer, you have to take great care of it. If you find some difficulty while addressing dependability or any other way to establish trustworthiness, you can go for dissertation proposal help. In this way, you can find some experts to help you establish trustworthiness in research.
Confirmability of Study
The component of confirmability is introduced to check neutrality. A credible writer is supposed to remain unbiased in his research work. No reader wants to waste his time reading a biased study. Confirmability is basically inclined towards the results and conclusion of research work. That is why it is supposed to be addressed last when you are done with the rest of the components of a framework for ensuring trustworthiness in qualitative research. So, the basic purpose of confirmability is to establish a clear path to show the derivation of conclusions and research results after analyzing the data.
The confirmability of the research shows the data collected from the targeted audience is derived in a perfect way. The techniques and methods applied to data are accurate and work well to make beneficial interpretations regarding the research problem. Furthermore, the theories and principles applied in the research work are good enough and most relevant to the study. All of these aspects play a significant role in developing trustworthiness in qualitative research.
By working on the above-mentioned points, you can easily establish trustworthiness in any kind of qualitative research. You can take the four discussed criteria as basic components and use them in an effective way. Each component has a particular role to play, so you should ensure that no component is missing while working on qualitative research. The critical evaluation of each component helps you meet the best end results of the study.
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