For owners of private houses or summer cottages, firewood harvesting tools will be a useful purchase. They contribute to more efficient work, and models with a system that is suitable for processing more logs.
How to choose a good wood splitter
According to the characteristics, wood splitters are divided into household, semi-professional and professional. The highest performance and speed of work in professional models.
Principle of operation
There are 3 types of wood splitters according to this criterion.
- Hydraulic, which has a high level of safety with good power. The disadvantages of such devices are the price, the need to change the oil, and high energy consumption.
- Rack options are easier to be used. They can work quickly, while fuel consumption is lower.
- Screw models are compact and low price, but in other respects, they are inferior to the previous options.
Wood splitters can be powered by an electric or gasoline engine, and there are also designs that require only operator effort. Gasoline options have the highest performance, and their advantages include high autonomy. An electric wood splitter is a good option for a home or garden.
Engine power is measured in watts. For a household model, 1.5 – 2 kW is enough. This option is perfect for harvesting a small amount of firewood. Professionals have higher power, as well as higher prices and power consumption.
The maximum force will determine the wood splitter’s ability to cope with difficult work. A kinetic log splitter has a good capacity for taking care of household wood cutting needs. For household models, this parameter is about 5 tons. For more complex work, you can take a model with a force of up to 7 tons. Professional options can use 25 tons.
According to the method of installation of blanks, wood splitters are divided into vertical and horizontal. The former is safer but works with less effort. The latter is more common among professional models. They require more care when using and weighing more. There are also universal options, but their cost is much higher.
Wood splitters have a limit on the length and diameter of the workpieces. Household models can split logs up to 50 cm long, while their diameter should not exceed 30 cm.
You can also pay attention to the design of the knife. There are tools that can split a log into 4 parts at a time. The standard option splits the log into 2.
There are security options. The log splitter can be protected against power surges or overload.
Main Types of Wood Splitters
Manual wood splitters
A safe and efficient way to get firewood of a convenient size will be provided by hand-held wood splitters. It is a simple tool without a motor or mechanism. Used in conjunction with a sledgehammer.
Cutting requires thinner logs than maintaining a fire. Small wood splitters will help create such chips.
Electric wood splitter
A convenient way to split a lot of firewood at once is wood splitters with their own engine. Their advantage is that no human effort is required, therefore, the operator will not get tired during the work.